The REMA model: The PAME model

Just a quick update on my latest thoughts on REMA. Reflecting more on Daniel Pink’s work (initial thoughts) and a recent blog post on gamasutra, it’s become clear to me that REMA stages might better be represented as e Purpose, Autonomy, Mastery stages, followed by a Sharing or Artistry stage. I’ve already talked a great deal about Rollercoaster and Purpose, and Mastery is an obvious link. But the connection between Autonomy and Experiment games has really been driven home to me lately, particularly looking at how games like Skyrim and Minecraft are enjoyed. “Freedom” and “Creative” are the words at the core of this play, strongly linking them to Autonomy.

I’ve also been thinking about Civ. The importance of Management play was driven home in the BrainHex 2 studies, and Civ clearly fits in that category. And while there is some Mastery appeal, from what I know the primary appeal of Civ is the freedom and autonomy aspects – build an empire that’s your version of history. Most players play only once, and play on low difficulties where they are going to stomp the AI, rather then engaging in the available multiplayer play. In fact, Civ is a great example of the conflict between Autonomy and Mastery, as for years Firaxis has maintained the Mastery side of the game, despite the continued challenges of it, such as the unsatisfying victory conditions. Stealing “losing is fun” from Dwarf Fortress would probably greatly enhance the series for the main audience, but they’d lose the Mastery group that is their most devoted.

So I’ve been confident Management gamers belong in the autonomy/experiment group – they want to do things their way, they want options to chose from, succeed at implementing them, and have extra long sessions of progress (what I think of as “cascading plans”, which is a key Experiment game reward that drives the “1 more turn” feeling and deserves its own post). Note here its not creativity linking Experiment games, it’s Autonomy.

Putting all that together, I’ve decided to focus on Purpose, Mastery, and Autonomy by naming REMA to PAME. Daniel Pink’s work is widely read, backed by applicable and interesting research, and his words are more descriptive and have broader context. I renamed Application to Expression, which I think is also clearer, and now has better alliteration.

What’s your thoughts on this? Curious how people have been using REMA in the year since I posted it and whether these changes are helpful.

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